Lahore is the second largest city of Pakistan and the provincial capital of the Punjab. Historically, it is said to be about 2000 years old. In earliest times, it was a colony of Kangra hill Kingdoms and was a cut-off township on the trade route to Delhi It had hardly any reputation in the Pre-Muslim era. Lahore came to fame with Islam in South Asia, Known as the Gardens of the Mughals or City of Gardens, after the significant rich heritage of the Mughal Empire.
Lahore has always been a seat of learning and knowledge. Sufism and provisional spirituality became its major discipline. Schools were opened and scholars from Baghdad, Iran and other oriental and occidental regions came to this historical city and settled here. Lahore became famous for poetry. The city flourished academically during the four centuries of the Delhi Sultanate. It became the second imperial capital in 1580 under the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great.
The Mughal emperors beautified the city with some of the finest architectural buildings and gardens that have survived the risk of time. Lahore touched the peak of glory during the rule of the Mughals. It was this reputation of Lahore that fascinated the English poet John Milton who wrote in 1670: "Agra and Lahore, the Seat of great Mughal